I'm Feeling Lucky

Research challenges in 21st century

“Past meets the present and creates the future”

Dear friends, I am delighted to participate in the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of SASTRA University, Thanjavur. My greetings to the Vice Chancellor, Professors, teachers and students of this university.

SASTRA has grown to become a technology institute with advanced research programmes. I am happy that TIFAC had chosen SASTRA for establishing the first TIFAC (Centre for Research and Excellence in Information Technology) specializing in advanced computing and information processing. During the last five years, this TIFAC-CORE has provided over thousand post-graduate technologists to the IT industry. In addition, SASTRA has a reputed bio-technology centre which has been able to question the validity of Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) articles on metallic contents in Indian herbal products. This expertise has been recognized by Harvard and Boston school and these institutions have shown their interest in becoming partners of SASTRA in carrying out studies on metallic contents.

Science is the foundation and research as a focus

Most important ingredient for realizing a knowledge society is the ignited minds of the youth using science and technology as a powerful tool. I realize Science is linked to technology through applications. Technology is linked to economy and environment. Economy and environment are linked to technology, which promotes prosperity to the society.

During the last 1 year, I have visited and interacted with students and faculty members of 19 foreign universities (10 in America, 6 in Europe and 3 in Asia). During these visits, I found that all these universities are concentrating on research. For example, Waterloo University, I saw a solar powered car developed by the students which has been driven many parts of the world. The famous Black Berry is the product coming out of Waterloo research. Carnegie Mellon University had developed a robotic car which has participated in an International Competition. Arkansas University and Rice University have realized a solar photovoltaic cell using carbon nano-tube in the laboratory with 50% efficiency against the present 20%. The research and development in these universities has enriched the quality of teaching and the quality of teaching is enriching the research and development. Wherever I went, I saw that research teaching research each is re-enforcing the other.

During the last 1 year, I have visited and interacted with students and faculty members of 19 foreign universities (10 in America, 6 in Europe and 3 in Asia). During these visits, I found that all these universities are concentrating on research. For example, Waterloo University, I saw a solar powered car developed by the students which has been driven many parts of the world. The famous Black Berry is the product coming out of Waterloo research. Carnegie Mellon University had developed a robotic car which has participated in an International Competition. Arkansas University and Rice University have realized a solar photovoltaic cell using carbon nano-tube in the laboratory with 50% efficiency against the present 20%. The research and development in these universities has enriched the quality of teaching and the quality of teaching is enriching the research and development. Wherever I went, I saw that research teaching research each is re-enforcing the other.

Research – teaching – Research

Good teaching emanates from Research. The teachers? love for research and their experience in research are vital for the growth of any institution. Any Institutions is judged by the level and extent of the research work it accomplishes. This sets in a regenerative cycle of excellence. Experience of research leads to quality teaching and quality teaching imparted to the young in turn enriches research.

New Paradigm for Science and Technology: Many challenges are going to be thrown on the sea, under the sea and above the sea. Scientists and researchers will also have challenges in bringing back a clean environment by replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy from sun, wind and nuclear systems. Some of the future research tasks are:

1. Evolution of clean atmosphere by replacing fossil fuel by cost-effective renewable energy systems, leading to energy independence;
2. Exploring the human body, particularly gene-characterization through the proteomics project for developing gene-based drugs;
3. In the area of communication, a big revolution is setting in. High-bandwidth mobile wireless is in the offing. This could result in the mobile phone becoming a convergent system for multi-media applications for meeting the needs of communication in the office, home and on the move.
4. Particularly for India, having 1 billion plus population, enhancing the food-grain output from the present nearly 230m tonnes to 380m tonnes with reduced land, water and number of people working in the farms through the use of technology could be a role model for the rest of the population in the world
5. A sustainable Rural Development through provision of urban amenities in rural areas (science and technology as the focus) will need innovation, research leading to products, systems and services in physical, electronic, knowledge and economic connectivities.
6. Understanding precursors for phenomena like earth quake and tsunami which damage decades of development and put humanity into misery
7. Evolution of Unified Field Theory, which may be the ultimate of physics, by revealing how the universe is born and how we are born;
8. Evolution of an alternate habitat among the system of our galaxy for humanity by the scientific community of today and tomorrow;
9. Evolution of earth, moon, mars complex to bring to the earth new material like helium-3 and other rare materials for the generation of solar power;

These are the some of the major areas of research and innovation, which need the joint research and development efforts of multiple nations based on their individual core competence. Certainly SASTRA University can work on certain specific missions which are of our national interest.

21st century University Vision

I have in the last ten years have met more than 3 Million University students and faculty from more than 150 universities in India and 50 universities in abroad. Based on this spirit, I wish to formulate a 21st university vision for your consideration.

o The universities have to prepare citizens of the future with a global outlook and be capable of serving his/her nation or nation of his/her choice.
o Science and technology and public policy are interrelated for mutual benefit and ushering in human kind?s development. This link has to be solidly built in the university education
o Good teachers can be in any part of the world. The university has to bring in this resource through innovative content generation in virtual class rooms.
o Technological connectivities among universities have to be pursued on a war footing using cost effective virtual class rooms.
o Cost effective continuing education possibilities are essential for citizens to be in tune with time.
o Can university education lead to sustainable development of the nation?
o With the world population increasing and resources dwindling, a mindset has to be developed for conserving and sharing the resources and look for new research for abundant resources. This calls for a “noble spirit” as well as a “research spirit”

In summary, the 21st century university education is about developing enlightened citizenship for a knowledge society for peace and prosperity of nations and the world. 21st century University has to be the incubator of world knowledge powerhouse. Based on my interaction with Indian and foreign universities, I have detected certain dynamics. Wherever there is research intensity, it has enhanced quality teaching and also the university has got a great name in the world of teaching. Universities from developed world with their vast experience of a century, have realised the significance of research as a foundation for the university. This is one dimension. The other dimension is that the student community with research focus will most aggressively ask questions. The third dimension is that the sharp gradient and accelerated development processes can give a platform for research for sustainable development. There is a large student community in the developing countries and there is an urge for higher education. Hence, we should see how we can empower them through university to university collaboration, student ? faculty interaction, lab to lab collaboration, reaching out the world class quality teaching and research through a virtual reality environment with the excellent content generated.

Five Great minds

Dear young friends, now I would like to share the uniqueness of five great minds, some of them are Nobel Laureates and scientists, each one having unique traits which symbolize Value of Science; Science as a Life time mission; Birth of Creativity in a difficult situation, A genius well ahead of time, and Scientific Magnanimity. Friends, if you acquire any of one of them or few of them or all of the traits, you will be heading towards becoming a Nobel Laureate or you will make a difference to our Planet. Let us go into details.

The traits of Nobel minds

Value to Science: Since I am in the midst of Scientists, Technologists, research scholars and students, I thought of sharing with you an incident about Sir CV Raman ?a Nobel Laureate in Physics for discovering Raman Effect. Raman gives the view that the color of sky is blue due to molecular diffraction which determines the observed luminosity and in great measures also its color. This led to the birth of the Raman Effect. Raman was in the first batch of Bharat Ratna Award winners. The award ceremony was to take place in the last week of January, soon after the Republic Day celebrations of 1954. The then President Dr. Rajendra Prasad wrote to Raman inviting him to be the personal guest in the Rashtrapati Bhavan, when Raman came to Delhi for the award ceremony. Sir CV Raman wrote a polite letter, regretting his inability to go. Raman had a noble reason for his inability to attend the investiture ceremony. He explained to the President that he was guiding a Ph.D. student and that thesis was positively due by the last day of January. The student was valiantly trying to wrap it all up and Raman felt, he had to be by the side of the research student, see that the thesis was finished, sign the thesis as the guide and then have it submitted. Here was a scientist who gave up the pomp of a glittering ceremony associated with the highest honour, because he felt that his duty required him to be by the side of the student. It is this unique trait of giving value to science that builds science. Next, let me highlight how science becomes a life time mission for Chandrasekhar Subramanyan.

Science as a Life time mission: Chandrasekhar Subramanyan?s most famous discovery was the astrophysical Chandrasekhar limit. The limit describes the maximum mass (~1.44 solar masses) of a white dwarf star, or equivalently, the minimum mass for which a star will ultimately collapse into a neutron star or black hole following a supernova. The limit was first calculated by Chandrasekhar while on a ship from India to Cambridge, England. The Chandrasekhar Limit led to the determination of how long a star of particular mass will shine. In 1983, Chandrasekhar Subramanyan got the Nobel Price for this discovery.

Two of Chandrasekhar’s students in 1947 were the doctoral candidates Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang in Particle Physics research. Even though Chandrasekhar Subramanyan maintained his office at the Yerkes Observatory in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, he would regularly drive the one hundred miles to Chicago to guide and teach Lee and Yang and others many a times in difficult weather conditions. In 1957, these two of his students won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in particle physics research. This also brings out Chandrasekhar Subramanyan?s commitment to science and there by to his students. Science indeed is a life time mission for Chandrasekhar. It is this characteristic which makes youth to become passionate towards science.

Birth of Creativity in a difficult situation

Mario Capecchi had a difficult and challenging childhood. For nearly four years, Capecchi lived with his mother in a chalet in the Italian Alps. When World War II broke out, his mother, along with other Bohemians, was sent to Dachau as a political prisoner. Anticipating her arrest by the Gestapo, she had sold all her possessions and given the money to friends to help raise her son on their farm. In the farm, he had to grow own wheat, harvest; take it to miller to be ground. Then, the money which his mother left for him ran out and at the age of four and half years, he started sometimes living in the streets, sometimes joining gangs of other homeless children, sometimes living in orphanages and most of the time hungry. He spent the last year in the city of Reggio Emelia, hospitalized for malnutrition where his mother found him on his ninth birthday after a year of searching. Within weeks, the Capecchi and his mother sailed to America to join his uncle and aunt.

He started his 3rd grade schooling afresh over there and started his education, interested in sports, studied political science. But he didn?t find interesting and changed into science, became a mathematics graduate in 1961 with a double major in Physics and Chemistry. Although he really liked Physics, its elegance and simplicity, he switched to molecular biology in graduate school, on the advice of James D Watson, who advised him that he should not be bothered about small things, since such pursuits are likely to produce only small answers.

His objective was to do gene targeting. The experiments started in 1980 and by 1984, Capecchi had clear success. Three years later, he applied the technology to mice. In 1989, he developed the first mice with targeted mutations. The technology created by Doctor Capecchi allows researchers to create specific gene mutations anywhere they choose in the genetic code of a mouse. By manipulating gene sequences in this way, researchers are able to mimic human disease conditions on animal subjects. What the research of Mario Capecchi means for human health is nothing short of amazing, his work with mice could lead to cures for Alzheimer?s disease or even Cancer. The innovations in genetics that Mario Capecchi achieved won him the Nobel Prize in 2007. Noble laureate Capecchi life indeed reveals: –

“When you wish upon a star,
Makes no difference who you are”

A genius well ahead of time

Ramanujan, born and raised in Erode, Tamil Nadu, first encountered formal mathematics at the age of ten. He demonstrated a natural ability at mathematics, and was given books on advanced trigonometry by S. L. Loney. He mastered this book by age thirteen, and even discovered theorems of his own. He demonstrated unusual mathematical skills at school, winning many awards. By the age of seventeen, Ramanujan was conducting his own mathematical research on Bernoulli numbers and the Euler?Mascheroni constant. He received a scholarship to study at Government College in Kumbakonam. He failed his non-mathematical coursework, and lost his scholarship. Srinivasa Ramanujan lived only for 33 years and did not have formal higher education or means of living. Yet, his inexhaustible spirit and love for his subject made him contribute to the treasure houses of mathematical research ? some of which are still under serious study and engaging all-available world mathematicians? efforts to establish formal proofs. Ramanujan was a unique Indian genius who could melt the heart of the most hardened and outstanding Cambridge mathematician Prof G H Hardy. In fact, it is not an exaggeration to say that it was Prof. Hardy who discovered Ramanujan for the world. Professor Hardy rated various geniuses on a scale of 100. While most of the mathematicians got a rating of around 30 with rare exceptions reaching to 60, Ramanujan got a rating of 100. There cannot be any better tribute to either Ramanujan or to Indian heritage. His works cover vast areas including Prime Numbers, Hyper geometric Series, Modular Functions, Elliptic Functions, Mock Theta Functions, even magic squares, apart from serious side works on geometry of ellipses, squaring the circle etc. One of the tributes to Ramanujan says that, ?every Integer is a personal friend of Ramanujan?.

Ramanujan used to say “An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of God”. For him the understanding of numbers was a process of spiritual revelation and connection. In his investigations into pure mathematics, he drew extraordinary conclusions that mystified his colleagues, but were usually proven, eventually, to be right. He opened a universe of theory that still today is reaping applications. The landscape of the infinite was to Ramanujan a reality of both mathematics and spirit. His love for numbers led Ramanujan to number theory. So friends you saw, how great creative minds, gave problem to the problem to succeed through the instrument of knowledge.

Scientific Magnanimity: Now, I would like to narrate an incident which took place during a function conferring Nobel Laureate Prof. Norman E Borlaug, a well known agricultural scientist and a partner in India?s first Green revolution, with Dr. M S Swaminathan Award, at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on the 15th of March 2005. Prof. Borlaug, at the age of 91, was in the midst of all the praise showered on him from everybody gathered there. When his turn came, he got up and highlighted India?s advancement in the agricultural science and production and said that the political visionary Shri C. Subramaniam and Dr. M S Swaminathan, pioneer in agricultural science were the prime architects of First Green Revolution in India. Even though Prof Norman Borlaug was himself a partner in the first green revolution, he did not make a point on this. He recalled with pride, Dr. Verghese Kurien who ushered White Revolution in India. Then the surprise came. He turned to scientists sitting in the third row, fifth row and eighth row of the audience. He identified Dr. Raja Ram, a wheat specialist, Dr S K Vasal, a maize specialist, Dr. B. R. Barwale, a seed specialist. He said, all these scientists had contributed for India?s and Asia?s agricultural science. Dr. Borlaug introduced them to the audience by asking them to stand and ensured that the audience cheered and greeted the scientists with great enthusiasm. This action of Dr. Norman Borlaug, I call it as “Scientific Magnanimity”. Friends, if we aspire to achieve great things in life, we need Scientific Magnanimity to focus the young achievers. It is my experience that great mind and great heart go together. This Scientific Magnanimity will motivate the scientific community and nurture team spirit.

With this background of unique traits of great minds, dear young friends, now it is time to have a great dream in life, dream transform into thoughts, thoughts results into action.


Any scientific task, any path breaking scientific mission as you would have heard from the great scientific minds today accompanies challenging the problems and succeeding. The challenges in S & T will be increasing and would require the best minds to work. There are many leaders in S & T who are our icons today and I wish that the youth derive encouragement and get stimulated from these icons and become the ICONS OF TOMORROW. Besides everything, to succeed in S & T, you need to have dream and have courage to realize it. I have an oath for youth on courage.

Courage to think different,
Courage to invent,
Courage to discover the impossible,
Courage to travel into an unexplored path,
Courage to share the knowledge
Courage to remove the pain
Courage to reach the unreached
Courage to combat the problems
And Succeed,
Are the unique qualities of the youth.
As a youth of my nation, I will work and work with courage to achieve success in all my scientific missions.

With these words, I inaugurate the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of SASTRA University. My best wishes to all the participants for success in their mission of generating quality scientific and technological human resource for the nation.

May God Bless you.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam,



Breaking the barrier of impossibilities

Imagination leads to creativity
Creativity blossoms thinking
Thinking provides knowledge
Knowledge makes you great.

Dr.Kalam in SASTRA University


Today, I am delighted to participate in the XXV Convocation of SASTRA University. My greetings to the students, faculty members, alumni, staff and distinguished guests assembled here. I consider it as a great honour to me for being awarded the doctorate of Science Honorary Causa by the SASTRA University. I am very happy that SASTRA University has a mission: “To impart value based higher education turning out good engineers, scientists and researchers who are at the same time good individuals and good citizens in order that they may become useful members of an enlightened humane society.”I would like to congratulate all the graduates for their academic performance and greet the faculty members for shaping the young minds. Today, I would like to share a few thoughts on “Breaking the barrier of impossibilities”.

I have just now visited the R&D Block of Sastra University. I had an interaction with the researchers over there, I could see number of inter-disciplinary research work progressing in Nano Science and Technology area. I had seen the research work on, out of which I would like to quote some:

1. Nano structured metal oxine thin films for chemical /Gas sensing

2. Development of a novel free radical biosensor based on embedded system

3. Nano fluids for industrial applications

4. Characterization of Iron based Herbo-metallic Drug “Lauha Bhasma”

5. Characterization of Mercury based Herbo-metallic drug “Rasasindura”

6. Studies on Nano composite diamond-like Carbon coatings.

7. Nanofibers and growth factor mediated skin tissue regeneration.

8. Nano-carrier mediated delivery of anti-teroviral drugs.

9. Stealth liposomal gene silencing assemblies for the treatment of Retinoblastoma.

10. Development of Uniaxially aligned 3-D Nanofibrous scaffolds for Neural Regeneration.

Unique you

It is said, – History has proven that those who dare to imagine the impossible are the ones who break all human limitations. In every field of human endevour, whether science, medicine, sports, the arts, or technology, the names of the people who imagine the impossible are engraved in our history. By breaking the limits of their imagination, they changed the world.”Of course, it is true in India, Sir CV Raman in discovering the Raman effect, Dr Vikram Sarabhai in space research and technology, Dr MS Swaminathan in first green revolution and Dr Verghese Kurien in white revolution, Jamshetji Tata for pioneering in steel manufacture and founding the science institutions have broken the barriers of impossibilities. Dear young friends, question is, are you willing to be the unique personality”.

Do you know an Indian Mathematician who did not have formal higher education but had inexhaustible spirit and love for mathematics which took him to contribute to the treasure houses of mathematical research ? some of which are still under serious study and engaging all-available world mathematicians? efforts to establish formal proofs? He was a unique Indian genius who could melt the heart of the most hardened and outstanding Cambridge mathematician Prof G H Hardy. In fact, it is not an exaggeration to say that it was Prof. Hardy who discovered a great mathematician for the world. This mathematician was of-course Srinivasa Ramanujan for whom every number was a divine manifestation.

Do you know the technologist who has given Delhi Metro to the country and has ensured that, all the scheduled sections were completed by their target date or before and within their respective budgets through his technological and programme management skills? The dedicated and transparent leadership backed up with professional competence of this great technologist has given to the nation, one of the best transportation systems of the world at the most economic cost. Of course, I am talking about Shri E. Sreedharan.

Friends, so far, we have studied those who walked into unexplored path and strived to be unique and are remembered for their contribution to the human kind.

Inventions and discoveries have emanated from creative minds that have been constantly working and imagining the outcome in the mind. With imagining and constant effort, all the forces of the universe work for that inspired mind, thereby leading to inventions and discoveries. The question is: are you willing to become a unique personality. Let me share an experience.”every youth wants to be unique, that is, YOU! But the world all around you, is doing its best, day and night, to make you just “everybody else”.The challenge, my young friends, is that you have to fight the hardest battle, which any human being can ever imagine to fight; and never stop fighting until you arrive at your destined place, that is, a UNIQUE YOU! Friends what will be your tools to fight this battle. There are four criteria for building a unique personality, what are they: have a great aim in life, continuously acquire the knowledge, work hard and persevere to realize the great achievement.
Integrated Action for developed India

To achieve the distinctive profile of India, we have the mission of transforming India into a developed nation. We have identified five areas where India has a core competence for integrated action: (1) Agriculture and food processing (2) Education and Healthcare (3) Information and Communication Technology (4) Reliable and Quality Electric power, Surface transport and Infrastructure for all parts of the country. (5) Self-reliance in critical technologies. These five areas are closely inter-related and by progressing in a coordinated way, leading to food, economic and national security.

I have given you, how you have to transform yourself to meet the professional challenges as system technologist and contribute in realizing any one or more of the ten pillars that I have described.

Friends, please look carefully at each of the pillars. You will find some interesting challenge. All of them require convergence of disciplines and technologies. In an engineering system level, optimization of systems takes place with the targets of performance, cost and schedule. In the case of human body, ultimately decisions will involve the overall well being. In the case of the nation, the best decisions happen when everyone puts the nation above himself or herself. The other important aspect is the confidence that innovations can be done and changes can be brought out for the better. The third aspect is, while technologies will be developed and human welfare will be enabled, lasting peace and prosperity will happen only through development of enlightened citizenship. Every individual is responsible for practicing and spreading the message of enlightened citizenship.

Let me start with convergence of technologies.

Let us take another example, how governance is enriched by information networks and technologies. They enhance efficiency, instant connectivities, better cross reference and transparency. They enable the unreached to be reached. There are plenty of opportunities in this area for entrepreneurship of individuals and small organization working along with Government, private sector and large organizations. Of course many older processes of working together need to be re-engineered for speed, efficiency and transparency. When technologies and systems converge, obviously one important aspect is “systems thinking and implementation”.

Friends, any establishment, any organization, you will be joining or you create, your own enterprise becoming an employment generator, always one demand that will come in front of you, that is: the experience of system design, system integration, and system management of the assignment or the task to be undertaken by you. I would like to present my experience of learning system design, system integration and system management while I was studying aeronautical engineering in MIT, Chennai, (1954-57) during the third year of my course.

“I knew I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline. You have done great job in system design”.

Through this review mechanism Prof Srinivasan, really injected the necessity of understanding the value of time by each team member and brought out engineering education has to lead system design, system integration and system management. I realized that if something is at stake, the human minds get ignited and the working capacity gets enhanced manifold. That?s what exactly happened. This is one of the techniques of building talent. The message is that young in the organization, whatever is their specialization, be trained to systems approach and projects, which will prepare them for new products, innovation and undertaking higher organizational responsibilities. Friends, you should get ready to acquire knowledge in an integrated way for using multiple disciplines towards product development and its management.
On this occasion, I have one suggestion, Can you consider establishing of a forum in the institute with all departments, students, administration and parents to identify technological research to move forward towards “India development profile 2020”. This may lead to several projects with specific targets for sustainable development in the neighbourhood of this University. Education system in SASTRA should concentrate on developing the spirit among the students “I can do it”. 
Dear friends, let me take you to the type of society we are entering and challenges.

The knowledge society in 21st century

The world in the 21st century will be a knowledge based society with multiple opportunities. I was reading a book, “Empires of the Mind” by Denis Waitley. This book gives, what type of the new world which we are facing now? What was yesterday and what is today. I have modified certain points of the author to suit our conditions. I have also added a third line which relates to action of educational institutes.


Finally, I would like to ask you, what would you like to be remembered for “You have to evolve yourself and shape your life. You should write it on a page. That page may be a very important page in the book of human history. And you will be remembered for creating that one page in the history of the nation – whether that page is the page of invention, the page of innovation or the page of discovery or the page of creating societal change or a page of removing the poverty or the page of fighting injustice or planning and executing mission of networking of rivers.
I am sure, you would like to do something different – out of box missions, what are they”
1 Will you be remembered for a visionary action for the nation, like Prof. Vikram Sarabhai or Homi Bhabha or Dr.DS Kothari in the field of space science, nuclear science and Defence Science.
2 Will you be remembered for introducing new industrial system product, like nano-car or office transaction mode in mobile.

3 Will you be remembered for creating a company which finds a place in the top 100 of the Fortune 500 companies from India.

4 Will you be remembered for facilitating the creation of 100 PURAs (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) in your region.

5 Will you be remembered for becoming the partner in Interlinking of Rivers basins within Tamilnadu which will lead to interlinking of all the rivers in the nation.

6 Will you be remembered for working and creating a validated system for the production of 340 million tonnes of food grains and value addition through food processing by the year 2020.

7 Will you be remembered for modernization of 10 million SME’s and addition of another Million by providing Private equity funding ventures.

8 Will you be remembered as a venture capital banker by introducing the unique private equity funding for the ideas that will bring new dimension to the society.

9 Will you be remembered for bringing energy independence for the nation.

10 Will you be remembered for working on creating a carbon neutral organization, wherever you are –

11 Will you be remembered for the action oriented Clean home, clean environment, clean state and clean nation.

I will be happy if you write your thoughts, particularly the graduating students to my email idapj@abdulkalam.com.

With these words, I congratulate the graduating students and my best wishes to all the members of SASTRA University success in the mission of developing quality scientific and technological human resource for the nation.

May God bless you.

Eight point Oath for Graduating Students
1. Engineering and Technology is a life time mission. I will work, work and work and succeed.
2. Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is what process or product I can innovate, invent or discover.
3. I will always remember that “Let not my winged days, be spent in vain”.
4. I realize I have to set a great technological goal that will lead me to think high, work and persevere to realize the goal.
5. My greatest friends will be great scientific and technological minds, good teachers and good books.
6. I firmly believe that no problem can defeat me; I will become the captain of the problem, defeat the problem and succeed.
7. I will work and work for removing the problems faced by planet earth in the areas of water, energy, habitat, waste management and environment through the application of science and technology.
8. I will work for a carbon neutral Thanjavur district and the district wherever my habitat is located.
9. My National Flag flies in my heart and I will bring glory to my nation.

By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam


Welcome Dreamers

Childrens & Youngsters Friend, Father, Leader, Teacher, President, ......

Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Bharat Ratna Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam born October 15, 1931, Tamil Nadu, India, usually referred to as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, was the eleventh President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007. During his term as The President, he was popularly known as the People’s President. Before his term as India’s president, he worked as an engineer with DRDO and ISRO and was awarded India’s highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Indian government. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology. In India he is highly respected as a Statist and as an Engineer.

Kalam played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. He is a professor at Anna University (Chennai) and adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India. Although he is an engineer he has received many honorary doctorate degrees.

With the death of R. Venkataraman on January 27, 2009, Kalam became the only surviving former President of India.

Kalam’s father was a devout Muslim, who owned boats which he rented out to local fishermen and was a good friend of Hindu religious leaders and the school teachers at Rameshwaram. APJ Abdul Kalam mentions in his biography that to support his studies, he started his career as a newspaper vendor. This was also told in the book, A Boy and His Dream: Three Stories from the Childhood of Abdul Kalam by Vinita Krishna. The house Kalam was born in can still be found on the Mosque street in Rameshwaram, and his brother’s curio shop abuts it. This has become a point-of-call for tourists who seek out the place. Kalam grew up in an intimate relationship with nature, and he says in Wings of Fire that he never could imagine that water could be so powerful a destroying force as that he witnessed when he was thirty three. That was in 1964 when a cyclonic storm swept away the Pamban bridge and a trainload of passengers with it and also Kalam’s native village, Dhanushkodi.

Kalam observes strict personal discipline, vegetarianism, teetotalism and celibacy. Kalam is a scholar of Thirukkural; in most of his speeches, he quotes at least one kural. Kalam has written several inspirational books, most notably his autobiography Wings of Fire, aimed at motivating Indian youth. Another of his books, Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life reveals his spiritual side. He has written poems in Tamil as well. It has been reported that there is considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him.

Dr. Kalam received an honorary doctorate from Carnegie Mellon University.

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